The specialty of plastic surgery covers a wide range of procedures, and unlike other medical specialties which concentrate on one particular area of the body, plastic surgeons are involved in the reconstruction and remolding of nearly all external body structures.
Cosmetic and Reconstructive Surgery: The Differences
Although the outward effects may be similar or even identical, the terms cosmetic and reconstructive surgery are not interchangeable. The plastic surgeon performs cosmetic surgery to reshape normal structures of the face or body in order to improve the patient's appearance and self-esteem. Reconstructive surgery is performed to correct abnormalities, injuries, previous or concurrent surgeries, infection, tumors or other disease. The purpose of reconstructive surgery is generally to improve function, but it may be used to restore a normal appearance.